SINGAPORE – India, Indonesia and the Philippines have Asia’s most inefficient bureaucracies, with red tape a constant blight to citizens and deterrent to foreign investment, a survey said Wednesday.
India, Indonesia and the Philippines have Asia’s most inefficient bureaucracies, a survey said Wednesday
Regional financial centres Singapore and Hong Kong have the most efficient bureaucracies, according to the survey of expatriate business executives by the Political and Economic Risk Consultancy (PERC).
Government bureaucracies in some Asian countries have become “power centres” in their own right, allowing them to effectively resist efforts toward reforms by politicians and appointed officials, the Hong Kong-based firm said.
India had a score of 9.41, followed by Indonesia (8.59), the Philippines (8.37), Vietnam (8.13) and China (7.93). Malaysia was in sixth place from the bottom with a score of 6.97, followed by Taiwan (6.60), Japan (6.57), South Korea (6.13) and Thailand (5.53). Singapore was ranked has having the most efficient bureaucracy, with a score of 2.53, followed by Hong Kong with 3.49.
PERC said 1,373 middle and senior expatriate executives took part in the survey carried out earlier this year. Singapore was also number one and Hong Kong was in third place globally in the World Bank’s latest survey on the ease of doing business, which covered 183 economies.
In India, “politicians frequently promise to reform and revitalise the Indian bureaucracy, but they have been ineffective in doing so — mainly because the civil service is a power centre in its own right,” PERC said. Dealing with India’s bureaucracy “can be one of the most frustrating experiences for any Indian, let alone a foreign investor,” it added. Bureaucratic red tape is both a “serious problem” in China and India, “but the differences in the political systems of these two countries have made inertia much worse in India than in China,” it said.
India’s suffocating bureaucracy was ranked the least-efficient by the survey, which said working with the country’s civil servants was a slow and painful process. The ranking of countries by most efficient to least efficient economies is as follows: Singapore, Hong Kong, Thailand, South Korea, Japan, Malaysia, Taiwan, Vietnam, China, Philippines, Indonesia and India.